Even a school going kid is aware of effects of global warming. In his words, it is something, which would restrict him indoors during summer holidays or a monsoon downpour. Global Warming not only restrict its clutches to immerse some not so popular islands somewhere at the remote corner of the earth or bring draught or floods or drop lot of ice to ever harsh and hot Sahara Desert, it is tardily and eternally changing the air, water, and other resources we need to survive .
Here are 5 most subtle effects, which take gargantuan attempts to resurface over the period.
Decrease in Bee Population,
Honey is the most sought after delicacy or a medicine in whole of the world. Apart from making so valuable and yummy honey, Bees are responsible for pollination of almost all flowers bearing vegetation on earth. For our food, we should pay tribute to these bees.
With warming climate, inadequate or rather flummoxed supply of water makes the flowering plants to bloom either early or late depending on favorable conditions. This flowering season has to be synchronized with the annual life cycle of bees and beehives. Break in such synchronization, lowers the quality of pollination and beehives gets less honey for their sustenance. With habitat loss and degradation, crowded habitats, Bees need to fly hundreds of km in search of pure honey.
It is the breaking point of the food chain, as less is the bee population most of the plants will not regenerate or five fruit or vegetables.
Flowers lose their fragrance and floral color.
Next time, when you are picking a rose or flower for your valentine, be careful about its fragrance. Most probably, that natural aroma would not smell that great. Flowers have floral color and scents just to attract pollinating agents such as small insects, humming birds, bees and butterflies. Global rise in temperature will intervene delicate balance of plant –pollination mutualism. In plain words, pollinating agents spread seeds of plants and get nectar as their primary source of food in return.
Warming also affects flower blooming cycles and any known or least known species may get extinct without our notice.
However, there are some reversals, as some flowers are well known to exhibit an increase in their fragrance and sweet smell almost 900% times the original.
Butterflies are going extinct.
Butterflies are the most beautiful creatures that fly apart from birds, obviously. Butterflies, during their initial stage of growth, lie on leaves, tree twigs and survives on eating leaves and much vegetation. As winter becomes warmer, dead dry summer creates not so pleasing conditions resulting in dehydration or slow growth of butterfly larval.
Many butterflies, which are adapted to a cooler environment, may not survive the test, while those one-embraced hotter environments find it difficult to migrate in search for favorable food and water resources. Once again, habitat loss and human intervention come into picture.
Drastic change in the gender ratio of reptiles.
Every crocodile you see in a sanctuary has almost 99% belongs to only one gender. Unlike, human beings who are hot-blooded creatures, reptiles are cold-blooded. They are certainly cold-blooded when someone occupies their habitat. They require a structured environment to lay their eggs, perfect temperature for incubation periods.
With rise in temperature, there are three scenarios arise in the case of reptiles to determine sex of offspring.
- High Temp -> Female
Low Temp -> Male
Examples: Some turtles.
- High Temp -> Male
Low Temp -> Female
Examples: Lizards and Tuataras
- Extreme temperature either cold or, hot -> One type of gender
Intermediate or normal temperature -> opposite type of gender
This complex scenario is widespread in many crocodilians, Turtles and some lizards.
Painted Turtles would become extinct as 40 temperature rise causes all eggs to convert into females.
Unleashing of ancient viruses and bacteria,
Climate change can erode frozen permafrost within no time. Thus, giving a way for ancient viruses and bacteria, which remain hidden for such a long time to emerge to the outer surface. There is already some digging for Mega viruses with size 10 times larger than normal pathogenic viruses.
As cold nations become warmer, their susceptibility to epidemics of warmer or tropical climates such as cholera, dengue, malaria increases. As these diseases, thrive in temperate climates.